Follow-up on portfolio changes

This is a follow up post of my recent portfolio changes. Below is my current portfolio, now fully invested, no cash. As always you find this picture on my portfolio tab. Another small push of about 0.5% is needed for the portfolio to take a new all time high.

Below follow my thinking on the portfolio changes I made:


The company posted impressive full year result, driven by pickup in the VIP segment. It seems the bond issuance was needed to give the company enough capital/credibility to run these VIP rooms.

For the first time the company also gave some clarity on how important the junkets are for bringing in the VIP business (which we kind of new but didn’t have exact figures on):

What I saw as the most positive in the results were how they plan to expand their junket co-operations, which will most likely continue to expand the VIP revenue. Quoting from the report:

“Apart from Macau-based junket operators who were already operating with the Group, Suncity Group signed an incentive agreement with the Group to set up a fixed base business operation with full-fledged office facilities, which commenced business on 1 March 2018 and contributed to increased number of players and rollings. To fuel further growth, the Suncity operations in Naga2 will be moved to a larger and more desirable location in the first quarter of 2019. The Group expects all top four Macau mega junkets will operate in Naga2 by 2019. These junkets contributed 70% of Macau’s total VIP rollings “

They are now also planning to expand the Cambodia casino with a third complex called Naga3. At the same time the Russian project is kicking into final stages. The company is still trading at a 25% forward P/E discount to Macau casinos Sands and Galaxy, from this perspective there is still upside. What could upset the earnings would be increased tax from the Cambodian government, the bonus set aside to the majority shareholder is also an annoyance. What worries me the most though is how they will finance the Russian project as well as Naga3, in the past share placings and convertible bonds has been the answer. I still think this could continue to be a great investment as long as the majority shareholder let us smaller shareholders enjoy the same benefits as him. Given the track-record of the majority shareholder and to not exaggerate my China exposure too much, I’m happy to keep shaving off some profits and keep this as a mid-sized holding in the portfolio. Obviously it would have been better to keep my full holding until now, but I kind of like the strategy of taking profits along the way, at least in something which has a bit higher risk profile as Nagacorp.

Scorpio Tankers

This holding was for me proper punting on a quick reversal after a brutal sell-off, that has lasted for many years now. I strongly believe in mean reversion in general and this could have been such a case with skewed probabilities to the upside. My thinking here is somewhat similar to my Uranium bet which also seen a brutal sell-off over many years. The problem is that the shipping sector obviously is very complex to really understand (I also read the book Value and Opportunity read on shipping). I have not attempted to become an industry expert here, rather just look at day rates and observe that over long periods of time, there are these dips and always a recovery at some point. That doesn’t mean that my holding Scorpio necessarily ever will recover, they could go bankrupt along the way. In this investment I have also been inspired by investors like Cobas with famous Spanish investor Parames, who has taken a large bet in this sector. I still think this could be a good bet to have in the portfolio. My reason for selling is rather simple, I need to keep some type of stop/loss when I don’t understand the company that deeply. Secondly I also I became fully invested, meaning I had other better investment cases that I wanted to enter. Somewhat unfortunately this holding rebounded strongly after my sell-off, as has been the case several times before when I exited a position on price weakness.


I have given a brief introduction to Irisity in this post: Major Portfolio Changes. This is a speculative holding and should be sized accordingly. The reason for my increased conviction is three fold:

  1. The acquisition of Visionists, a Swedish consultancy company with 13 Phd/Msc experts at picture and video analysis. For this Irisity paid 33 MSEK, where 85% was paid in shares at a price of 18.78 SEK per share. Why is this so positive? Well the obvious is to strengthen the R&D and leadership organisation of Irisity. The less obvious which I see as the largest positive is what is says about the quality of Irisity’s offering. Irisity in my mind is speculative because their product offering is still not proven in a large scale. Does it hold up to the competition? The probability of that increased in my view, when these 13 professionals decided to join Irisity and take shares as payment. Surely they must have evaluated the quality of Irisity’s offering and liked what they saw.
  2. The Huawei mess has shown the reluctance for Western companies to install China tech. Some of the best software companies in the world in regards to video surveillance software are no doubt Chinese. I think many western companies would be hesitant to install Chinese software in their surveillance systems, so this removes some serious competition in my view.
  3. Lately a few more early stage contracts have been signed with security companies: 2045 Segurança which guards 1100 schools in Portugal was interested in the School surveillance module Irisity is selling. Guts Investigation Security Guard is a leading security company in Thailand, Trigon a leading security company in Netherlands and Aetos in Singapore, they are all in early stages of testing Irisity’s solutions. This proves the big interest for these type of solutions in general, but it doesn’t mean Irisity’s products will win any big contracts. One should also mention the Swedish security company Securitas which lost a patent fight with Irisity over an algorithm which Irisity patented in 2012.

Together I see the above as big enough positives to increase my position. The market cap of around 320 MSEK means the market is pricing in a very low likelihood of breakthroughs with customers. I also think the likelihood is low, but maybe not as low as the market believes. I’m very excited to follow this over the coming years given the large potential in quickly growing market segment. To also mentioned some worries, the company recently raised money through a private placement. The PP was not fully subscribed showing that Institutional investors are still not believing in the company. Given that the PP was not fully subscribed the company needs some breakthrough orders fairly soon, otherwise the cash will probably run out and more rounds of financing will be needed.

Cheetah Mobile

This holding I want to dive a bit deeper into and present to you with more detail. So I will later follow-up with a separate post on this company. This is a high risk holding, with a pretty eccentric CEO and majority shareholder. There are also some lawsuits hanging over the company and some slightly shady operating practices in the past (maybe the name is hinting at this). All of this adds to this being high risk holding on many levels. On the plus side, the company seems to be holding some very decent assets and a lot of value is hidden in companies it has stakes in (some of that value was recently unlocked with a sale of a stake in Bytedance). The company has also initiated a 12 month share buy back program of up to 100m USD, with a current MCAP of 1000m USD. The company is sitting on cash of about 500m USD and has nice cash flow generation. Stay tuned for a proper write up of this company.

Philip Morris and British American Tobacco

I have to start here with a correction, my math was a bit off when calculating how big allocation these two companies would get in my portfolio. After actually doing the math, these two holdings got a 2.9% position size each, meaning in total 5.8% and not around 7% total as I previously stated.

I want to direct you to this excellent post by Lyall Taylor: The art of worldly wisdom, smoking, and British American Tobacco. I would say I agree with most of what is written by Lyall and he expresses many of these industry dynamics in an excellent way. I have for a long time also kept my eye on these companies, with the view that these are defensive high quality companies, although in a somewhat questionable industry. In my view these are excellent long term holdings, with high dividend yields and strong stable cash-flow generation. The only problem has been that markets have let the multiple run away to such a degree that I felt it was not viable to invest, not even long-term. Now with this sharp sell-off over the last years they have come down to not historically record cheap levels, but at least a point where I feel they are not expensive anymore. These two holdings kind of concludes my search for defensive holdings to my portfolio. I might invest in some more defensive stocks, but I will not “hunt” for it, as I have done up until now. I was a bit lucky with my timing, since I’m already up 10% and 6% on my PM and BATS positions.

It’s usually quite hard to figure out, but if possible its always nice to understand who is selling (and buying) when a stock moves up or down. I think the recent years of ESG (Environmental Social Governance) trends has put a lot of pressure on many of my holdings. I hold companies like Diageo, Swedish Match etc, all in “vice industries” which no longer is OK to hold for many institutional investors. All else equal this should have contracted the multiple for these stocks when many investors have been “forced” to sell.  So for us that do not regard these type of moral dilemmas it should mean a better possibility to pick up shares on the cheap. Which could possibly explain part of the sell-off in BATS and PM as well.

I would also like to emphasize like someone commented on the article, the tax income brought by smoking. In most countries this puts a strange conflict of interest in place. A not so fun fact with China as an example, almost 6.5% of total tax revenue in the country, comes from tobacco (0.8 trillion of 13 trillion RMB). I think that’s a staggering figure and although China is somewhat extreme in this statistic, most countries has a significant portion of taxes coming from tobacco.

22 thoughts to “Follow-up on portfolio changes”

    1. Yes, What I’m struggling with here is that I want to keep my long term view, I have already reduced my holding in anticipation of this. I need to get my head straight if I want to keep this is a long term holding or not. The country and influx of tourists still has a long long tailwind to ride on.

      Looking more short term. I’m a bit confused that the VIP rollings did not grow more, given Chinese New Year was included in this period. I was expecting further quick VIP growth. If VIP growth does not pick-up and with this overhang of funding, short term there might definitely be limited upside. I like though that the 300m bond issues has compressed the yield down to 6.7%. I never actually understood why such a financially sound company needed to issue so high as 9.375%, that’s some seriously expensive funding,

      1. Q1 results were good.

        I must admit, i was very surprised at the cost of the expansion but on reflection this is due more to the size of the ambition.

        To put things into perspective. Naga2 ramp up has been a great success and the team has proven that they are able to execute very well on these capacity expansion projects.
        Room occupancy is @ 86% and this is with ongoing renovation of Naga1.
        I think there is room for further supply driven growth.

        Leaning towards holding for now. i think management are definitely cognizant of the market reaction to the size of the capex and the dilution and will be under pressure to deliver good 1H numbers and a scheme that alleviates fears.


          Interested to know what everyone thinks?

          I had the opportunity to read through the announcement quickly this morning. Personally, I think good outcome:

          1. Cost now reduced from 3.8-4.0bn USD to about 3.5bn USD (capped by contractor and also guaranteed by Chen with company enjoying the benefit of any upside)
          2. Dividend maintained
          3. Project to be completed around 30 Sep 2025 (monopoly right is until 2035), with penalties for delay in delivery of U$1m/day
          4. Fair conversion price of HKD$12/share when operational Naga3 handed over. Effectively Chen paying U$1.76bn to increase his stake from 66.1% today to 73.17% in 2025.
          5. In terms of corp governance, Chen and his son have agreed to abstain from voting on the proposal – so it’s up to the independent shareholders to make up their minds

          This expansion complete intertwines the fates of Nagacorp with the date of the Cambodian and Chinese economies and it is very interesting to see how the company will evolve in the years to come. I, for one, am cautiously optimistic.

          As an aside, I briefly considered adding to my holding last Friday but decided against it out of caution. I am optimistic but so aware of the risks.

          1. Hi E, I have to say I agree, the outcome was better than I thought. I still think there were more options, for example: Finance 50% internally, 30% with debt financing (their current bond trading around 7% yield) and maybe the last 20% by the majority owner. But still this was for sure a positive versus the historical track-record in these transactions. I haven’t have time to go back to the old financing that were done, but this time they put in clauses around dilution and that should lower the price towards the 12 hkd per share currently subscribing at. So this could still happen going forward.. But all in all this made me more confident to keep this as long term holding, perhaps even increase my stake again.

          2. Concerns would be, that what they are building is too much. It’s gigantic complex they are planning, almost as large as Singapore Marina Bay Sands. Will they really fill it up? Are people willing to pay so much for rooms in Cambodia? And that this big complex is less geared towards gambling, meaning when it’s done, we won’t see as large revenue increase as Naga2, which has really boosted gambling revenue to a whole new level.

          3. Re size of expansion, it really is a double edged sword.
            We are effectively seeing the majority shareholder’s vision and he is prepared to put money where his mouth is and only be paid on delivery. Not many minority shareholders would wanted to see Naga2 and Chen was proven right. Not many would appreciate his vision for Naga3 either.

            Is there a market for the hotel rooms? I would say yes, capacity of Naga1+2 was around 86% in 1Q, this is inspite of refurbishment. There is also a projection that combined with Naga3, Nagaworld will account for only the high single digit % additional hotel room required.

            Is there a market for the non gambling entertainment ? I don;t know enough about Cambodian market trends, but there has been references in the news that the non gaming facilties were enjoyed by domestic and overseas visitors

            What about GGR? one quarters of Naga GGR is still significantly below Macau monthly GGR.

  1. While your UK exposure is very limited (marginally BAT/Diageo, whose revenues are global) I wonder whether you have any strategy to play in Brexit. Any comments by your followers also appreciated.
    My take is that most impact is already priced in, yet, do not discard a small shake/dislocation…

    1. No plans around Brexit what so ever, I’m even fatigued to follow the development in the news. If anything I think there might be more investment opportunities given that people stay away right now.

    1. Fundsmith 2019. They opened a new position in McCormick… I don’t find it that attractive or brilliant, but it probably is a good company & provides for diversification and bigger footprint in the staples/fmcg industry.

    2. Very good presentation, I really like his final comment. How to perform even better than fundsmith has? By applying the same investment philosophy on smaller companies.

  2. Always nice to get input from you guys! I have always considered FB a short given that the young generation is moving on to other platforms and the older people do not share about their life there anymore. Sure FB is more than Facebook, but this have to an issue no? On the other hand I never looked at FB properly, maybe it’s me who misunderstood..

    1. This probably won’t make me popular, but I think Tesla is a really great investment right now and you will see this play out in the coming 3-5 years. Sub 300 levels I’m accumulating heavily. A lot of investors are looking at Tesla the wrong way, focussing on details instead of looking at the big picture.

      1. You are right. My comfort zone, investment-wise, is not following a vision… 🙂 But won’t blame you.

  3. Bottomline, though, is that earnings power of FB appears very strong (I can just agree with elite investors as Terry Smith ia.).

    Google seems a similar track: huge moat, and big margins. If they stopped aggressively investing their margins would even be stronger. Yet, aggressively R&D&I investing means cannibalization opportunities, which seems a requirement for surviving at the tech forefront (see Apple, that after little cannibalization in recent years, seemed to have fallen off track and enter commodity supplier territory)

  4. I am missing in your watchlists Google, FB. High recurring margins with big safety. Personally weighting too on IBKR, with big margins as well.
    FB spent lots in content control and still kept hefty margins. AfaIk, a significant portion is human -based and expensive, but necessary to protect the business from regulators / fines. Yet it reminds me the origins of youtube, when founders hired lots of people for indexing the content of videos, as AI tools were not available. (now most content recognition is automated). They needed an effective solution for content management / indexing to support youtube growth, and to buy time to develop AI. Now FB may be in a similar track: spending lots on content control and while developing AI… and future will tell us the outcome…

    1. Totally agree with you about FB. I myself bought on the recent dip. Of course there are always risks, but I think this is a pretty good risk/reward.

      1. *That should be a good risk / reward , as long as there is no anti monopoly action by US government. And if there is, probably that wkuld be good for the society (and we should be ready to sacrifice a fraction of our wealth for the common profit. Else, we could end up like Trump!!)

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